During and after the occupation, the Iraqi regime abused
and killed Kuwaiti citizens and non-citizen residents.
From August 1990 to February 1991, the Iraqis arrested
about 22,000 Kuwaitis of 15 different nationalities, more
than 4% of the 250,000 citizens and 240,000 non-citizen
residents who had stayed in the country.
Thousands in custody were tortured or made to watch
the torture of others. Many survivors still suffer from
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including panic attacks and depression. The younger victims often
exhibit anti-social behavior, including alcoholism and
addiction to illegal drugs.
Of the more than 6,000 hostages and POWs taken to
Iraq, 5,772 were repatriated in March 1991 after the
ceasefire. For more than a decade, 605 victims were
missing until mass graves were discovered in Iraq. Still missing are 368 people whose graves in Iraq remain to be found or whose bodies remain to be identified through DNA analysis.
Land mine and UXO fatalities persist. A new victim was
claimed in December 2009 when a teenager picnicking
with friends encountered a UXO in the desert sand.
To Kuwait, anyone, regardless of nationality, who was
killed deliberately or accidentally due to the Iraqi invasion
is a martyr. Unlike the property damage, the human cost was irreparable.
The day of the invasion, August 2, is now observed as
(See Overview pages 7-34.)
|Monument to the Martyrs
Each of Kuwait’s six governorates has a monument carved with names of martyrs from that area. Other types of memorials are parks, schools, water fountains, the high-rise Martyr Tower, and Shuhada Street and Area named for the martyrs. Al-Qurain House is now a museum dedicated to the 12 martyrs of Al-Qurain.