Photographic evidence of the Iraqi regime's destruction in Kuwait from August 1990 through February 1991
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The Martyrs

During and after the occupation, the Iraqi regime abused and killed Kuwaiti citizens and non-citizen residents.

From August 1990 to February 1991, the Iraqis arrested about 22,000 Kuwaitis of 15 different nationalities, more than 4% of the 250,000 citizens and 240,000 non-citizen residents who had stayed in the country.

Thousands in custody were tortured or made to watch the torture of others. Many survivors still suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including panic attacks and depression. The younger victims often exhibit anti-social behavior, including alcoholism and addiction to illegal drugs.

Of the more than 6,000 hostages and POWs taken to Iraq, 5,772 were repatriated in March 1991 after the ceasefire. For more than a decade, 605 victims were missing until mass graves were discovered in Iraq. Still missing are 368 people whose graves in Iraq remain to be found or whose bodies remain to be identified through DNA analysis.

Land mine and UXO fatalities persist. A new victim was claimed in December 2009 when a teenager picnicking with friends encountered a UXO in the desert sand.

To Kuwait, anyone, regardless of nationality, who was killed deliberately or accidentally due to the Iraqi invasion is a martyr. Unlike the property damage, the human cost was irreparable.

The day of the invasion, August 2, is now observed as Martyrs Day.

(See Overview pages 7-34.)

 
Monument to the Martyrs
Each of Kuwait’s six governorates has a monument carved with names of martyrs from that area. Other types of memorials are parks, schools, water fountains, the high-rise Martyr Tower, and Shuhada Street and Area named for the martyrs. Al-Qurain House is now a museum dedicated to the 12 martyrs of Al-Qurain.
Monument to the Martyrs

Skip to   Intro 5: Invasion/Occupation  8: Gulf War  10: Oil Fires/Property Damage  14: Highway of Death  15: Firefighting/Pollution  17: Martyrs  18: Recovery  23: Geographical Maps